By Eric H. Cline
In 1177 B.C., marauding teams identified simply because the “Sea Peoples” invaded Egypt. The pharaoh’s military and military controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did many of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized global of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few many years. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economic climate and cultures of the overdue moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, all at once ceased to exist, in addition to writing platforms, know-how, and huge structure. however the Sea Peoples by myself couldn't have prompted such frequent breakdown. How did it happen?
In this significant new account of the reasons of this “First darkish Ages,” Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of the way the top was once caused by means of a number of interconnected mess ups, starting from invasion and rebellion to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of overseas exchange routes. Bringing to existence the colourful multicultural international of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the past due Bronze Age and exhibits that it used to be their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a gloomy age that lasted centuries.
A compelling blend of narrative and the newest scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new gentle at the advanced ties that gave upward push to, and finally destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the past due Bronze Age—and that set the degree for the emergence of classical Greece.
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Extra resources for 1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed
Unfortunately, when Thutmose II died unexpectedly, the young son was not yet old enough to rule on his own. Hatshepsut, therefore, stepped in to rule temporarily as regent on his behalf. But when it came time to hand the throne over to him, she refused to do so. 33 During those two decades, Hatshepsut began to wear the traditional Pharaonic false beard and other accoutrements of office, and men’s clothing with body armor to conceal her breasts and other female attributes, as can be seen in statues created at Deir el-Bahari, her mortuary temple.
Stories and inscriptions dating to near the end of this period, about 1550 BC, record some of the battles that flared up between the Egyptians and the Hyksos. In particular, we have one story that records a disagreement between two rulers, The Quarrel of Apophis and Seknenre. In this tale—quite possibly apocryphal—the Hyksos king Apophis complains that he is being kept awake at night by the noise from hippopotami kept in a pond by the Egyptian king Seknenre, who was ruling simultaneously elsewhere in Egypt.
Hatshepsut, therefore, stepped in to rule temporarily as regent on his behalf. But when it came time to hand the throne over to him, she refused to do so. 33 During those two decades, Hatshepsut began to wear the traditional Pharaonic false beard and other accoutrements of office, and men’s clothing with body armor to conceal her breasts and other female attributes, as can be seen in statues created at Deir el-Bahari, her mortuary temple. ”34 In other words, she ruled as a man, a male pharaoh, not simply as regent.
1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed by Eric H. Cline