By Michael A. Ryan
Astrology within the center a long time was once thought of a department of the paranormal arts, one expert via Jewish and Muslim clinical wisdom in Muslim Spain. As such it used to be deeply troubling to a couple Church experts. utilizing the celebs and planets to divine the long run ran counter to the orthodox Christian inspiration that people have unfastened will, and a few clerical specialists argued that it in all likelihood entailed the summoning of religious forces thought of diabolical. we all know that occult ideals and practices grew to become frequent within the later center a while, yet there's a lot in regards to the phenomenon that we don't comprehend. for example, how deeply did occult ideals penetrate courtly tradition and what precisely did these in positions of strength wish to achieve by means of interacting with the occult? In A state of Stargazers, Michael A. Ryan examines the curiosity in astrology within the Iberian country of Aragon, the place rules approximately magic and the occult have been deeply intertwined with notions of strength, authority, and providence.
Ryan specializes in the reigns of Pere III (1336–1387) and his sons Joan I (1387–1395) and Martí I (1395–1410). Pere and Joan spent lavish quantities of cash on astrological writings, and astrologers held nice sway inside their courts. whilst Martí I took the throne, although, he was resolute to purge Joan's courtiers and go back to non secular orthodoxy. As Ryan exhibits, the allure of astrology to these in strength was once transparent: predicting the longer term via divination used to be a worthwhile instrument for addressing the extreme problems―political, spiritual, demographic―plaguing Europe within the fourteenth century. in the meantime, the kings' contemporaries in the noble, ecclesiastical, and mercantile elite had their very own purposes for eager to be aware of what the longer term held, yet their engagement with the occult was once at once relating to the volume of strength and authority the monarch exhibited and utilized. A country of Stargazers joins a turning out to be physique of scholarship that explores the blending of non secular and magical principles within the past due center Ages.
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Extra resources for A Kingdom of Stargazers: Astrology and Authority in the Late Medieval Crown of Aragon
30. Robert Lerner, “Aspects of the Fourteenth-Century Iconography of Death and the Plague,” in The Black Death: The Impact of the Fourteenth-Century Plague: Papers of the Eleventh Annual Conference of the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, ed. Daniel Williman (Binghamton, NY: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, 1982), 77–105, especially 98 n20; Lerner, “The Black Death in Western European Eschatological Mentalities,” American Historical Review 86 (1981): 533–52. 31. S. Jim Tester, A History of Western Astrology (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 1987), 185.
For introductions to the study of medieval magic, see Lynn Thorndike, The History of Magic and Experimental Science, 8 vols. (New York: Macmillan, 1932–1958) (hereafter referred to as HMES); Richard Kieckhefer, Magic in the Middle Ages (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989); and Michael D. Bailey, “The Meanings of Magic,” Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft 1 (Summer 2006): 1–23, who discusses the inherent instability of magic. For early modernity, see Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century England (New York: Oxford University Press, 1971).
32. Laura Ackerman Smoller, “Of Earthquakes, Hail, Frogs, and Geography: Plague and the Investigation of the Apocalypse in the Later Middle Ages,” Last Things: Death and the Apocalypse in the Middle Ages (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000), 156–87. 33. Horrox, Black Death, 99–100. 34. For introductions to the Great Schism, see the works of Walter Ullmann, The Origins of the Great Schism: A Study in Fourteenth-Century Ecclesiastical History (London: Oates and Washbourne, 1948); Guillaume Mollat, Les Papes d’Avignon, 1305–1378 (Paris: Letouzey and Ané, 1949); Étienne Delaruelle, L’Église au temps du Grand Schisme et de la crise conciliaire, 2 vols.
A Kingdom of Stargazers: Astrology and Authority in the Late Medieval Crown of Aragon by Michael A. Ryan