Download PDF by John F. Hoffecker: A Prehistory of the North: Human Settlement of the Higher

By John F. Hoffecker

ISBN-10: 0813534682

ISBN-13: 9780813534688

For the 1st time lately, now we have a synthesis of the most recent considering and discoveries through a more youthful pupil with an authoritative clutch of the topic. This publication is a vital contribution to the overall literature of human prehistory, particular for its accomplished assurance of the circumpolar regions.—Brian Fagan, writer of The lengthy summer time: How weather replaced Civilization

"A uniquely authoritative, hugely readable, and well-illustrated account of ways stone-age humans controlled to colonize the some distance North."—Richard G. Klein, Stanford University

Early people didn't easily glide northward from their African origins as their skills to deal with cooler climates developed. The preliminary payment of locations like Europe and northern Asia, in addition to the later stream into the Arctic and the Americas, really happened in really swift bursts of enlargement. A Prehistory of the North is the 1st full-length examine to inform the advanced tale, spanning virtually million years, of the way people inhabited many of the coldest locations on earth.

In an account wealthy with illustrations, John Hoffecker lines the historical past of anatomical variations, vitamin differences, and technological advancements, akin to garments and preserve, which allowed people the continuing skill to push the limits in their habitation. The publication concludes by means of exhibiting how within the previous few thousand years, peoples residing within the circumpolar zone—with the exception of western and principal Siberia—developed a thriving maritime economy.

Written in nontechnical language, A Prehistory of the North presents compelling new insights and beneficial details for execs and scholars.

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Extra info for A Prehistory of the North: Human Settlement of the Higher Latitudes

Sample text

This reflects a general pattern observed by nineteenth-century naturalists among northern representatives of warm-blooded animals. By reducing the exposed surface area of the body, they conserve heat and protect against cold injury. 4. Human tibia from Boxgrove in England. form of large body mass and shortened limbs, evidence of such adaptations is lacking for Homo heidelbergensis. Most of the sample of skeletal parts is confined to skull fragments and teeth, which unfortunately provide little information about climate adaptation.

52 OUT OF AFRICA 25 An indication that Homo erectus was spending a good deal of time walking—perhaps running—across open habitat is evidence for heat stress adaptation. The Nariokotome skeleton exhibits the tall, slender body and long distal limbs found among modern peoples of the tropical zone. The size and shape of such a body maximizes the exposed surface area relative to overall mass and therefore allows greater heat loss. 53 Homo erectus was also the first hominid to possess an external nose.

5 million years ago, people in Africa were producing hand axes and other bifacial stone tools of the Acheulean industry (Lower Paleolithic), which reflected advances in their technological skills. 45 It is now apparent that the first hominids in Eurasia were making tools very similar to those of the Oldowan industry. 48 Moreover, although the human skulls recovered at Dmanisi have been classified as Homo erectus, they reveal some striking similarities to H. habilis — especially the size of the brain (which ranges between 600 and 780 cc).

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A Prehistory of the North: Human Settlement of the Higher Latitudes by John F. Hoffecker

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