By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Committee to Review the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
From 1945 via 1962, the USA atmospheric nuclear guns trying out software concerned millions of army and civilian group of workers, and a few of them have been uncovered to ionizing radiation. Veterans' teams have considering that been involved that their participants' future health was once plagued by radiation publicity linked to participation in nuclear checks and feature careworn Congress for incapacity repayment. a number of items of laws were handed to compensate either army and civilian team of workers for such wellbeing and fitness results. Veterans' issues concerning the accuracy of reconstructed doses brought on Congress to have the final Accounting workplace (GAO) assessment the dose reconstruction application used to estimate publicity. The GAO research concluded that dose reconstruction is a legitimate approach to estimating radiation dose and will be used because the foundation of repayment. It additionally prompt an self sufficient assessment of the dose reconstruction software. the results of that advice used to be a congressional mandate that the safety chance relief supplier (DTRA), part of the dep. of security, ask the nationwide study Council to behavior an self sustaining evaluation of the dose reconstruction application. in keeping with that request, the nationwide study Council demonstrated the Committee to study the Dose Reconstruction software of the security chance relief supplier within the Board on Radiation results learn (BRER).
The committee randomly chosen pattern documents of doses that were reconstructed through DTRA and punctiliously evaluated them. The committee's document describes its findings and gives responses to a few of the questions which were raised via the veterans.
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Additional info for A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
7. More effective approaches should be established to communicate the meaning of information on radiation risk to the veterans. In addition to presenting general information on radiation risk, information should be communicated to veterans who file claims regarding the significance of their doses in relation to their diseases. 8. The community of atomic veterans and their survivors should be notified when the methods for calculating doses have changed so that they can ask for updated dose assessments and re-evaluation of their prior claims.
5. The principle of benefit of the doubt should be consistently applied in all dose reconstructions in accordance with applicable federal regulations. 6. Interaction and communication with the atomic veterans should be improved. For example, veterans should be allowed to review the scenario assumptions used in their dose reconstructions before the dose assessments are sent to the Department of Veterans Affairs for claim adjudication. 7. More effective approaches should be established to communicate the meaning of information on radiation risk to the veterans.
Additional atmospheric test series in Nevada were TEAPOT in 1955, HARDTACK Phase II in 1958, and DOMINIC Phase II in 1962. Another test operation was ARGUS, consisting of three nuclear detonations on rockets, each 1-2 kilotons in yield, hundreds of miles above the Atlantic Ocean—far enough above the ocean surface that no detectable exposures of test participants occurred. 1 DOSE RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM OF THE DTRA US Atmospheric Nuclear-Weapons Test Seriesa Test Series Dates Location No. Tests TRINITY CROSSROADS SANDSTONE RANGER GREENHOUSE BUSTER JANGLE TUMBLER-SNAPPER IVY UPSHOT-KNOTHOLE CASTLE TEAPOT WIGWAM REDWING PLUMBBOB HARDTACK-I HARDTACK-II DOMINIC-I July 1945 June-July 1946 April-May 1948 January-February 1951 April-May 1951 October-November 1951 November 1951 April-June 1952 October-November 1952 March-June 1953 February-May 1954 February-May 1955 May 1955 May-July 1956 May-October 1957 April-August 1958 September-October 1958 April-November 1962 1 2 3 5 4 5 2 8 2 11 6 14 1 17 25 31 19 DOMINIC-II July 1962 Alamogordo, NM Bikini Enewetak NTS Enewetak NTS NTS NTS Enewetak NTS Bikini, Enewetak NTS Pacific Bikini, Enewetak NTS Enewetak, Bikini NTS Christmas Island, Johnston Island NTS 31 4 aHigh-altitude rocket tests that did not result in exposure to veterans are not included.
A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Committee to Review the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency