By Leonard Unthank Salkield (auth.), Maurice J. Cahalan (eds.)
Whether the Phoenicians and t he within the south-west of the Iberian Carthaginians ever really labored Peninsula there's a substantial pyritic the mines , or have been purely investors, is mineral ised quarter, referred to as the now not yes , yet after 205 BC, whilst Andevallo, extending from close to they defeated the Carthagi nians, the Seville to south of Lisbon, a space Romans introduced their very own males expert a few a hundred and fifty kilometres lengthy and 30 in mining and metallurgy. kilometres huge. The Romans occupied lots of the The Rio Tinta Mines , that are the Iberian Peninsula for six hundred years , greatest of this "pyrites belt" , lie till approximately 425 advert - the latest within the quarter referred to as Andalusia, Roman cash chanced on at Rio Tinto convey a few ninety kilometres north-west of the pinnacle of Honorius who used to be emperor Seville and seventy five kilometres north-east from 395 to 423 advert. Mining needs to of Huelv8 . they've got a really lengthy have declined with the invasion of heritage, relationship again to pre-Iberian Barbarians within the fifth century and the days; then got here the Iberians , a race next entr y of the Visigoths who of North African foundation (Turdetarian have been finally absorbed into the and Tartessian) , the Phoenicians , the folks of Spain. In 711 advert the Carthaginians , the Romans , the Moors, Moors invaded the Peninsula from the Spaniards and the British. It North Africa.
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Additional resources for A technical history of the Rio Tinto mines: some notes on exploitation from pre-Phoenician times to the 1950s
2%. Refined copper production averaged 132 tonnes pa so that recovery in refining was around 76% . The refining slag would no doubt have been returned to the blast furnaces and the copper recovered from i t Refined included in the 185 tonnes . copper obtained from cemented copper precipitate was 11 tonnes pa . Villagers from both Zalamea and E1 Campi1lo had regularly encroached on the mining lease with their pigs, taking timber , and once were responsible for burning a large part of the woodland .
He has also planted an area with vines and fruit trees tha t grow well, serving for recrea tio n and After successfully withstanding his critics and opponents for a number of years , sta rting with opposition to his appointment in 1776 as the Government ' s Administrator , Sanz was dismissed in August 1783 and thus , at the end of the 18th century , a new era began with the mines operated directly by Government . - 23 - I CHAPTER 4 I The mines under Government control After the dismi ssal of Sanz , D Manuel de Aguirre y Hor casta was a ppoin ted Gove rnment Administrator at t he end of 1784 or early in 1785 .
Underground mining in a body worked from Roman times i nvolved the problems with acid waters already encountered in driving the railway tunnel and the engineers developed the use of bronze fittings and wooden pipe linings to deal with the problems, much as the Roman s had done with their bronze shafted, wooden water wheels - extensive use was now made of Cornish engines of the Trevithick design(29). After completion of the Main Tunnel, overburden and mineral were loaded directly to rail waggons by hand.
A technical history of the Rio Tinto mines: some notes on exploitation from pre-Phoenician times to the 1950s by Leonard Unthank Salkield (auth.), Maurice J. Cahalan (eds.)