By Terry L. Erwin
A synthesis of the class, distributions, and methods of lifetime of the ground-beetles (Coleoptera: Caraboidea) living within the Western Hemisphere. below every one taxon account, the historic nomenclature, distribution on the kingdom and/or state/province point, and lifestyle, together with Macrohabitat, Microhabitat, Dispersal talents, Seasonal incidence, and behaviour are elaborated. chosen references for every taxon are given in those different types and an intensive, approximately whole bibliography of Caraboidea references for the Western Hemisphere is gifted. The sections on lifestyle contain the next: Macrohabitat precis, altitudinal distribution in meters, in addition to a basic altitudinal category, habitat/microhabitat info, seasonality, and below habit notes on diel job, adult/larval hibernation, prey goods, immatures, over wintering, and different notes on habit are provided. information of dispersal energy, or the potential of dispersal, i.e. wing , flight facts, strolling, working, burrowing and mountaineering files, so far as is understood is incorporated. Species brought are famous with their possible sector of foundation. This paintings, deliberate as a seven quantity significant other to Larochelle & Lariviere (2003), might be an fundamental software for anyone drawn to ground-beetles in step with se and their traditional historical past, in addition to their position within the atmosphere and significance to agriculture, conservation, and forestry. nationwide, local, and native libraries will locate this set of instruments good used a result of magnificent quantity of knowledge that's summarized at those geographical degrees. This paintings follows the type of Erwin (1984), and the nomenclature of Lorenz (2005), as up-to-date on a six month cycle by way of Erwin (e-data base, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution).
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Extra resources for A Treatise on the Western Hemisphere Caraboidea (Coleoptera): Their Classification, Distributions, and Ways of Life: Trachypachidae, Carabidae - Nebriiformes ... Faunistica) (Pensoft Series Faunistica)
DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Brachypterous, hence flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running. SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in June – September; copulating pairs in June. BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, taking cover in the day under stones; they are carnivorous. They are good swimmers and often stand on rocks in the middle of the stream at night. ), Larochelle & Larivière (2003), Lindroth (1961) Nebria (Reductonebria) sahlbergii modoc Kavanaugh 1979 MODOC GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria sahlbergii modoc Kavanaugh, 1979:99 Distribution: Native, New World.
BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous, taking cover in the day under branches, stones, or other debris on the forest floor. ) Nebria (Catonebria) piute sevieri Kavanaugh 1984 SEVIER PLATEAU GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria piute sevieri Kavanaugh, 1984:164 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – UT. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Mountains, 2440 – 3440 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: Wet ground in forest and along edges of mountain streams under stones. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Brachypterous, hence flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running.
SEASONAL OCCURRENCE: Adults have been found in July – August. BEHAVIOR: Adults are nocturnal, carnivorous. ), Larochelle & Larivière (2003) Nebria (Catonebria) kincaidi balli Kavanaugh 1979 BALL’S GAZELLE BEETLE Nebria kincaidi balli Kavanaugh, 1979:107 Distribution: Native, New World. USA – OR, WA. Way of Life: MACROHABITAT: Midlands to uplands, 980 – 1830 meters altitude. MICROHABITAT: On lake shores and near waterfalls on wet ground. DISPERSAL ABILITIES: Brachypterous, hence SPECIES ACCOUNTS / CARABIDAE | 37 flightless thus vagility limited to walking or running.
A Treatise on the Western Hemisphere Caraboidea (Coleoptera): Their Classification, Distributions, and Ways of Life: Trachypachidae, Carabidae - Nebriiformes ... Faunistica) (Pensoft Series Faunistica) by Terry L. Erwin