By A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov
This monograph is dedicated to the activation and numerous modifications of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes), i.e. reactions followed by means of the C--H and C--C bond cleavage. Alkanes are the most components of oil and average gasoline, and therefore are the imperative feedstocks for the chemical undefined. nonetheless, those components are recognized to be the least reactive natural compounds. particular consciousness is paid to the lately came upon alkane activations in the presence of steel complexes, that are defined in additional aspect. as well as the reactions of saturated hydrocarbons that are the major subject of this publication, the activation of C--H bonds in arenes or even olefins and acetylenes are thought of. The monograph might be precious not just if you have an interest in the activation of alkanes and different hydrocarbons by means of steel complexes, but in addition for experts in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, petrochemistry, and organometallic chemistry. a few elements of the monograph should be of curiosity for experts in inorganic and natural chemistry, theoretical chemistry, biochemistry or even biology, and additionally in the event you paintings within the petrochemical undefined, commercial natural synthesis and biotechnology.
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Extra info for Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes Category should be: CHEMISTRY
14, 15 (in Russian). (a) Taqui Khan, M. ; Martell, A. E. Homogeneous Catalysis by Metal Complexes; Vol. 1, Academic Press: New York, 1974, p. 143. (b) Walling, C. Acc. Chem. Res. 1975, 8, 125. (c) Karakhanov, E. ; Narin, S. ; Dedov, A. G. Appl. Organomet. Chem. 1990, 5, 445. (d) Ishii, Y. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 1997, 117, 123. Shul’pin, G. ; Nizova, G. ; Shilov, A. E. J. Chem. , Chem. Commun. 1983, 671. Tyurina, L. ; Kombarova, S. ; Smirnov, V. V. Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 1989, 309, 122 (in Russian).
B) Crabtree, R. ; Hamilton, D. G. Adv. Organomet. Chem. 1988, 28, 299. (c) Ginzburg, A. ; Bagatur’yants, A. A. Metalloorg. Khim. 1989, 2, 249 (in Russian). (d) Crabtree, R. H. Acc. Chem. Res. 1990, 23, 95. (e) Crabtree, R. H. Angew. , Int. Ed. Engl. 1993, 32, 789. (f) Heinekey, D. ; Oldham, W. , Jr. Chem. Rev. 1993, 93, 913. ; Perutz, R. N. Chem. Rev. 1996, 96, 3125. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. (a) Sykes, P. A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry; Longman: London, 1971, Ch. 6. (b) Dneprovskiy, A.
The most usual reaction of alkanes and other C–H compounds with atoms and free radicals is the hydrogen atom abstraction : The activation energy of this reaction is usually low. 25, respectively. Modern theoretical analysis gives more complicated and more precise, but also approximate formulae. According to Denisov , the dependence of the activation energy on enthalpy is expressed by the formula: 28 CHAPTER II (Refs. p. 69) Here is a coefficient which is constant for each pair of fixed bonds, the one being cleaved, and the other being formed; is a parameter also constant for a given series of reactions and not very different for different classes of reactions.
Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence of Metal Complexes Category should be: CHEMISTRY by A.E. Shilov, Georgiy B. Shul'pin, Alexander E. Shilov