Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere: Chemistry and Physics of by Guy P. Brasseur, Susan Solomon PDF

By Guy P. Brasseur, Susan Solomon

ISBN-10: 1402032846

ISBN-13: 9781402032844

ISBN-10: 1402038240

ISBN-13: 9781402038242

"[…] an attractive and well-written evaluate of the present prestige of our wisdom of the composition of the center surroundings and the fundamental radiative, dynamical and photochemical methods which continue it." (Bulletin American Meteorological Society)

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Extra resources for Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere: Chemistry and Physics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere (Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library)

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Symbol “+” is used when the wavefunction is unaltered by reflection through a plane passing through the 2 nuclei of the molecule. Symbol “–” is used if the wavefunction changes sign. More details regarding the significance of the term symbols can be obtained, for example, in Herzberg (1950). 20 AERONOMY OF THE MIDDLE ATMOSPHERE Polyatomic molecules have different term symbols, but again the spin multiplicity is given by the left-hand superscript. For example, the ground state of the ozone molecule is denoted by the term 1 A1 .

6 wt% sulfuric acid aerosol particles. The triangles represent the measurements of Hanson and Ravishankara (1994). The solid line represents the parameterization of γ as a function of the atmospheric partial pressure of HCl. The dashed lines represent the fraction of ClONO2 reacting with water molecules (γ H2 O ), with HCl in the bulk of the aerosol (ΓHCl b ), and with HCl on the surface of the particles (ΓHCl ). A HCl mixing ratio of 2 ppbv at a pressure s level of 50 hPa (lower stratosphere) corresponds to a HCl partial pressure of 10−10 atm.

97) of the vibrationally excited hydroxyl radical (v is the vibrational quantum number). , 1990). 10. Oxygen dayglow production mechanism in the middle atmosphere. The photolysis of ozone (JHar ) in the Hartley band (λ < 320 nm) leads to the formation of the excited oxygen atom O (1 D) and molecule O2 (1 ∆g). 6 nm) leads to the formation of 2 electronically excited oxygen atoms O (1 D). ) De-activation is associated with radiative emissions (Ai ) and quenching (Qi ). 27µm. 94 for Q3 . , 1993). , 1978).

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Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere: Chemistry and Physics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere (Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library) by Guy P. Brasseur, Susan Solomon

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