By Zhongchao Tan
This textbook discusses engineering rules in relation to pollution and greenhouse gases (GHGs); it specializes in engineering rules and designs of similar units and gear for air emission keep watch over for quite a few industries reminiscent of strength, chemical, and transportation industries. The publication goals basically at senior undergraduate and graduate scholars in mechanical, chemical and/or environmental engineering departments; it will probably even be used as a reference publication by means of technical employees and layout engineers who're drawn to and want to have technical wisdom in pollution and GHGs. The booklet is stimulated through fresh fast advances in pollution and greenhouse gasoline emissions and their regulate applied sciences. as well as vintage themes on the topic of pollution, this publication can be featured with rising themes on the topic of pollution and GHGs. It covers contemporary advances in engineering techniques to the relief of GHG emissions together with, yet will not be constrained to, eco-friendly strength applied sciences and carbon sequestration and garage. It additionally introduces an rising subject in pollution, that's known as Nano pollution. it's a turning out to be difficulty in pollution, yet mostly lacking in comparable books, most likely as a result of contemporary speedy advances in nanotechnology has outpaced the advances in nano pollution control.
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Extra resources for Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gases: From Basic Concepts to Engineering Applications for Air Emission Control
The short-term health effects of air pollutants are quantiﬁed using an air quality index (AQI) . Computation of the AQI requires multiple air pollutant concentrations, often in terms of the presence of ﬁve common pollutants—sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, suspended particulates, and groundlevel ozone . The calculated AQI values are divided into ranges, and each range is assigned a descriptor and a color code. A lower AQI value indicates better air quality. In the USA AQI, for example, there are six levels of AQI, Good (0–50), Moderate (51–100), Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups (101–150), Unhealthy (151–200), Very unhealthy (201–300), and Hazardous (>300).
1 Anthropogenic Air Emissions Anthropogenic sources are related to the production and combustion of different fuels. Human activities are responsible for the increases in ground-level O3 and GHGs in recent years. About 95 % of NOx (nitric oxides) from human activity come from the burning of fossil fuels in power plants, engines, homes, and industries. 10 1 Air Emissions Air emissions are the byproducts of energy production and consumption; for example, the combustion of methane in pure oxygen can be written in a simpliﬁed form as CH4 þ O2 !
The government’s role is the making and enforcing of laws and regulations based on local affordability and implementation ability. Regulations change over time and at different locations, but they should be cost-effective and enforceable. It is meaningless to set a standard so high that cannot be met. 1 Air Emission and Air Quality Standards Government agencies approach air pollution control by developing and enforcing air emission standards and air quality standards. Air emission taxes and cost–beneﬁt standards are relatively newer approaches that are not yet well implemented and, as such, are excluded from this book.
Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gases: From Basic Concepts to Engineering Applications for Air Emission Control by Zhongchao Tan