Download PDF by Kuo-Nan Liou (Eds.): An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation

By Kuo-Nan Liou (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0124514502

ISBN-13: 9780124514508

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However, closer to the sun's surface, the temperature decreases and the heavier atoms such as iron begin to recapture their outer electrons. These outer electrons are bound to the nucleus by relatively small forces, and can be easily separated from the nucleus by the absorption of photons. It follows that the flow of photons coming from the interior is blocked by the appearance of the absorbing atoms. The blocking of these photons will cause the temperature to drop sharply at some depth below the surface.

13 Upward and downward intensities in a finite, plane-parallel atmosphere. Exercises 25 For planetary applications, it is desirable to measure the emergent outward intensities at the top and bottom of the atmosphere in conjunction with remote sensing of atmospheric compositions, and radiative balance studies. Upon setting T = 0 in Eq. 66) where the first and second terms represent, respectively, the bottom surface contribution (attenuated to the top) and the internal atmospheric contribution. Moreover, upon setting T = T 1 in Eq.

5 45 Insolation Outside the Atmosphere More recently, measurements of the incoming solar irradiance also have been made from the satellite platform. The earth radiation budget (ERB) experiment including the solar constant determination was launched into a circular sun-synchronous earth-orbit aboard the Nimbus VI and Nimbus vn statellites in June 1975 and October 1978, respectively (see Appendix H). In the ERB experiment, the incoming solar radiation is observed with an array of 10 telescopes which measure the total solar irradiance and spectral irradiances contained within various broad and narrow subdivisions of the solar spectrum.

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An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation by Kuo-Nan Liou (Eds.)

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