By Barry Saltzman, Roberto Benzi and Aksel C. Wiin-Nielsen (Eds.)
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Extra info for Anomalous Atmospheric Flows and Blocking
I 983). On low-order non-linear stochastic-dynamic systems. Tellur 35A, 1-16. Wiin-Nieisen, A. ( 1984). Low- and high-index steady states in a low-order model with vorticity forcing. Contrib. Phys. Free Atmos. 57,29 1 - 306. , and Brown, J. A. (1960). On diagnostic computations of atmospheric heat sources and sinks and the generation ofavailable potential energy. Proc. Znt. Symp. Numer. , Tokyo pp. 593-613. (1964). Further studies of the energy exchange between the zonal flow and the eddies. Tellus 16, 168 - 180.
The theory permits also a calculation of the changes in the variance of the eddy vorticity determined from the predicted changes in the zonal wind. ” The mechanism for the splitting of the simplejetstream into two separate jets was tested by Win-Nielsen (196 1) in a low-order, barotropic system containing six components. The time scale as calculated by Thompson for typical cases was confirmed by these experiments, which did not use any other closure mechanism than the severe truncation in wavenumber space inherent in a low-order model.
Data were spatially interpolated from the NMC grid to the latitude-longitude grid by the procedure described in Dole and Gordon ( 1983). Raw anomalies are defined as the departures of the analyzed values from the corresponding long-term seasonal trend values. ). Anomalies in the vertical structure analyses are similarlydefined as departuresfrom the correspondinglong term ( 1 1-winter)seasonal trend values. , 1977) showing that, as a result of the latitudinal variation of the Coriolis parameter, height field analyses provide a poor indication of the meridional component of energy propagation.
Anomalous Atmospheric Flows and Blocking by Barry Saltzman, Roberto Benzi and Aksel C. Wiin-Nielsen (Eds.)