By Beth Alpert Nakhai
Archaeological facts, whilst seen objectively, offer self reliant witness to the non secular practices of the traditional population of Syria-Palestine and support to spot the critical half that faith performed within the social and political worlds of the Israelites and Canaanites. via utilising present anthropological and sociological concept to historical fabrics excavated over the last 80 years, the writer deals a brand new approach of taking a look at the archaeological info. 'Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel' summarizes and analyzes the archaeological continues to be from all identified center Bronze via Iron Age temples, sanctuaries, and open-air shrines to bare the ways that social, financial and political relationships determined—and have been formed by—forms of non secular association.
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Additional info for Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel (ASOR Books 7)
It is important to emphasize their context by attributing them to specific periods and communities within the history of Israel. ), prior to the monarchy, was more varied than it would become after decades and even centuries of regularization by the kings and their priesthood. 11 To examine biblical sacrifice, one must consider the textual sources of the descriptive material. In this way, social and historical contexts can be ascertained and changing concepts and ideologies can be investigated.
Analyses of sacrifice have become arenas in which theories of social behavior can be presented and tested. 2 These two factors, the resources presented by ethnographies, and the insights into the relationship between sacrifice and social structure, enable a study of sacrifice based in anthropology and sociology to present a spectrum of insights not easily accessible through traditional textual and archaeological studies. SOCIAL SCIENCES APPROACHES TO SACRIFICE The origins of sacrifice are too couched in mystery to be clear to us in the modern world.
A recent study of the biblical tafj (h≥attΩt), traditionally translated as “sin offering,” capitalizes upon these insights. The tafj, part of a system of rites of passage, was understood to separate the sacrificer 26 ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE RELIGIONS OF CANAAN AND ISRAEL from his previous condition. The hlw[ (ªolâ) or burnt offering, on the other hand, aggregated the sacrificer to his new or renewed state. In a similar fashion, these rites of passage would “guarantee the regular alternation of times and seasons and, at the turn of the year … regenerate the territory” (Marx 1989: 27), thereby re-establishing a once-lost status quo for an individual or for an entire community.
Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel (ASOR Books 7) by Beth Alpert Nakhai