By Werner Abelshauser
This company background of BASF bargains a view of the functioning of an commercial association that has controlled to thrive and extend in view that 1865. in addition, it finds a lot concerning the purposes for the extreme financial dynamics of the German empire and the big enlargement of the realm financial system sooner than global struggle I. It allows the probing of the origins and unfold of the information society, during which technology and research-based innovation became the main determinants of monetary development and social improvement. for this reason, BASF's historical past constructed on the middle of Germany's wartime economic climate in the course of either international wars and highlights its strengths in addition to its weaknesses.
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Extra resources for BASF: innovation and adaptation in a German corporation since 1865
The production 37 38 39 40 Knosp to Dahl, April 25 and May 15, 1865, BASF UA, A 15 I/5. BASF UA, A 15 I; see also Urkunden, vol. 1, 25. BASF UA, A 15 (previously A 19/1/4) as well as A 15 I. Verwaltungsrat October 16, 1865, BASF UA, C 111. 22 Becoming a Global Corporation – BASF from 1865 to 1900 of the other required starting materials – sulfuric acid using the lead-chamber process, soda using the Leblanc process, caustic soda, sulfate, hydrochloric acid, calcium chloride41 – came on-line by the middle of 1866.
But if the Siegle ﬁrm came into play in autumn 1872 just in the nick of time, eventually actually displacing Knosp as ﬁrst choice, this was mainly owing to the intervention of a friend of Gustav Siegle, Dr. 91 An unusually versatile co-founder and director of the ¨ Wurttembergische Vereinsbank (which gained state approval in 1867 and opened its doors in 1869, soon becoming a center for industrial ﬁnancing in southwest Germany), Steiner numbered among the leading bankers in the young German Reich.
They also agreed to sell only BASF products in this area. 38 This agreement, which had to be renewed each year, secured for Knosp and Dahl not just the market in BASF aniline and fuchsin at stipulated prices but also provided a good basis for these ﬁrms’ own production of certain aniline dyes. BASF, on the other hand, was able to concentrate fully on the construction and expansion in particular of its inorganic department, without having to tie itself down in the longer term. The contract thus marks one of the earliest examples within the coal-tar dye industry of an agreement to divide the market, something that in the coming decades would feature more and more prominently in the industry as a way of avoiding undesirable competition.
BASF: innovation and adaptation in a German corporation since 1865 by Werner Abelshauser