Read e-book online Beijing A Concise History PDF

By Stephen Haw

ISBN-10: 0203968611

ISBN-13: 9780203968611

ISBN-10: 0415399068

ISBN-13: 9780415399067

Stephen Haw units out the background of the town of Beijing, charting the process its improvement from its early roots earlier than 2000 BC to its modern place as capital of the People’s Republic of China.

Stephen Haw, a well-established writer on China, outlines the institution of the earliest towns within the years sooner than one thousand BC, its prestige as nearby capital in the course of lots of the lengthy Zhou dynasty, and its emergence as capital of the complete of China after the conquest of the Mongol invaders lower than Chenghiz Khan and his successors. He considers the city’s assumption of its glossy identify ‘Beijing’ below the Ming dynasty, conquest through the Manchus and the turbulent years of civil warfare that the cave in of the Qing dynasty in 1911, culminating within the communist revolution and Beijing’s resumption of the function of capital of China in 1949.

Overall, Stephen Haw supplies a magnificent account of the lengthy and engaging historical past of a urban that's growing to be in prominence as an city centre of worldwide significance.

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There is some evidence to suggest that his eldest son ruled in his place. Yan and Ji At one time a number of eminent scholars doubted the records which referred to the Duke of Shao being appointed to rule Yan. These records were all written several hundred years after the period they referred to and could therefore not be considered indisputable. Yan, it was argued, was too far from the centre of Zhou power for the Zhou kings to have had any authority there. In recent years, however, archaeology has supplied evidence to support the historical records.

29 Northern Qi). Something very similar occurred in Western Wei in 557, the new dynasty being called Zhou (known as Northern Zhou). In 577, Northern Zhou attacked and conquered Northern Qi, re-unifying the north of China. Throughout this period the old pattern of local government persisted basically unchanged. Youzhou and the prefecture of Yan were governed from Ji. However, because of all the disorder and warfare of the period, by the time of the Northern Qi dynasty the population of the north-east had dwindled.

Unlike the Tang dynasty, however, which had chosen to maintain strong armies and as a result had suffered a loss of central control to the generals in the regions, Song emperors decided that it was better to be militarily weaker but feel more secure on their thrones. Although Song armies at first attempted to drive back the Khitans, arrangements were later made to strengthen the border defences and merely prevent any further advance into China. Conflict between Song and Liao During the early years of the Song dynasty, the main preoccupation was with retaking south China.

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Beijing A Concise History by Stephen Haw

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