Beijing - A Concise History (Routledge Studies in the Modern by Stephen Haw PDF

By Stephen Haw

Stephen Haw units out the background of town of Beijing, charting the process its improvement from its early roots sooner than 2000 BC to its modern place as capital of the People’s Republic of China.

Haw, a well-established writer on China, outlines the institution of the earliest towns within the years prior to one thousand BC, its prestige as local capital in the course of many of the lengthy Zhou dynasty, and its emergence as capital of the total of China after the conquest of the Mongol invaders less than Chenghiz Khan and his successors. He considers the city’s assumption of its smooth identify ‘Beijing’ less than the Ming dynasty, conquest by means of the Manchus and the turbulent years of civil struggle that the cave in of the Qing dynasty in 1911, culminating within the communist revolution and Beijing’s resumption of the function of capital of China in 1949.

Overall, Haw supplies a powerful account of the lengthy and engaging background of a urban that's turning out to be in prominence as an city centre of worldwide significance.

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Extra resources for Beijing - A Concise History (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia)

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The area was much disturbed throughout the period from the late Northern Wei because of incursions by peoples from the north. First the Rouran, a group related to the Xianbei, caused trouble. In 538 they invaded Youzhou and pushed through it well to the south. Subsequently they were themselves attacked by another group of people from the north, the Tujue or Turks, who finally defeated the Rouran in 552. They then became an even greater threat to the Chinese. Under the Northern Qi dynasty, the Great Wall north of Ji was rebuilt and strengthened in an attempt to keep the Turks out of China, but the exactions of forced labour used for the rebuilding caused much resentment and weakened the economy by taking workers away from more essential tasks.

As the Tang empire expanded, however, the number of provinces became too great. This was partly because the Tang conquered regions in the north-west that greatly expanded the area of their empire, but also because the south of China was now much more densely populated than previously and therefore required more administrative divisions. The number of provinces rose to more than three hundred. At first these were directly below the central government, but due to their unwieldy number a system of regional inspection was instituted.

In 752, a new chief minister was appointed at the Tang court. This created a dangerous situation, as the minister was an enemy of An Lushan. For three years they intrigued against each other, but in 755 An Lushan rose in open rebellion. He captured Luoyang within a month and seized Chang’an the next year. The emperor was forced to flee towards the south-west. An Lushan declared himself emperor of a new dynasty, but he was an uneducated outsider and was unable to muster sufficient support. He was murdered by his own son in 757, this son in his turn being assassinated by another general of non-Chinese origin.

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Beijing - A Concise History (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia) by Stephen Haw

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