By Lily Xiao Hong Lee, A.D. Stefanowska, Sue Wiles
This new quantity of the "Biographical Dictionary of chinese language girls" spans greater than 2,000 years from antiquity to the early 7th century. It recovers the tales of greater than 2 hundred girls, the majority of them unknown within the West. The individuals have sifted conscientiously throughout the on hand resources, from the oracle bones to the earliest legends, from Liu Xiang's didactic Biographies to legitimate and unofficial histories, for glimpses and insights into the lives of ladies. Empresses and consorts, nuns and shamans, ladies of notoriety or exemplary advantage, ladies of bold and girls of inventive or scholarly accomplishment - all are to be chanced on right here. The editors have assembled the tales of girls excessive born and occasional, representing the entire variety of girl undertaking. The biographies are prepared alphabetically inside of 3 old groupings, to offer a few context to lives lived in altering conditions over millennia. A thesaurus, a chronology, and a discovering record that identifies ladies of every interval via historical past or box of activity also are supplied.
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Additional resources for Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women: Antiquity Through SUI, 1600 B.C.E.--618 C.E. (University of Hong Kong Libraries Publications)
Gui as well as to a clan and state, Zi, intimately allied with the Shang royal house. In addition to her preeminent social status as ﬁrst queen of King Wu Ding, Fu Zi had an illustrious military and administrative career. She ranked second in command to the king, as exempliﬁed by a series of inscriptions recording battles against various unfriendly border states. She led successful campaigns against the unfriendly states of Ba in the southwest, Hu in the south, Tu and Gong in the north, Qiang in the northwest, and Yi in the northeast.
Eventually, she disﬁgured herself by cutting off her nose, and after this, as she had hoped, all talk of marriage ceased. It was at this point that the king bestowed on her the title Gao Xing (meaning “lofty behavior”) as a mark of his esteem for her virtue. Her biography is included in “Biographies of the Chaste and Obedient” in Biographies of Eminent Women (Lienü zhuan) as an example for later generations of women of the “chaste, single-hearted, and pure” behavior expected of widows. Gao Xing’s story is possibly the earliest example of self-mutilation, a practice that unfortunately gained something of a following in late imperial times.
Taipei: Fenghuang chubanshe, 1977, vol. 1, 83. 16 DUKE ZHUANG OF LI’S WIFE Duke Zhuang of Li’s Wife The Wife of Duke Zhuang of Li (Li Zhuang Furen), dates unknown, was the daughter of Archer-Lord of Wei (in the north of present-day Henan Province). She was sent in marriage to the neighboring state of Li (in present-day Shanxi Province), but her husband completely ignored her; he would not even receive her. He is said to have had “different desires,” and since no mention is made of other wives or concubines it is quite probable that he kept her at a distance because he was homosexual and could not face the prospect of marriage to a woman.
Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women: Antiquity Through SUI, 1600 B.C.E.--618 C.E. (University of Hong Kong Libraries Publications) by Lily Xiao Hong Lee, A.D. Stefanowska, Sue Wiles