Read e-book online Cardiovascular Reactivity and Stress: Patterns of PDF

By J. Rick Turner

ISBN-10: 1475795793

ISBN-13: 9781475795790

ISBN-10: 1475795815

ISBN-13: 9781475795813

This e-book is an articulate, concise, modern creation to the examine of significant variables underlying cardiovascular reactivity. Its power is within the mixture of a scholarly yet nonpedantic method of cardiovascular psychophysiology and a high-quality knowing of be­ havioral medication techniques to the examine of high blood pressure. the subjects coated are valuable to the examine of relationships among habit and cardiovascular reactivity; the checklist of advised readings on the finish of every bankruptcy presents very good counsel for extra distinct learn of particular matters. It has now been greater than a dozen years for the reason that Plenum Press released Paul Obrist's seminal monograph Cardiovascular Psycho­ body structure. the quantity had a huge effect in touching on cardiovascular rules to behaving members and in constructing considerate hy­ potheses touching on such elements as they could pertain to high blood pressure. The impression of that paintings prolonged throughout clinical disciplines in addition to aross continents. on the time the Obrist booklet used to be released, a tender psychologist, J. Rick Turner, used to be finishing his Ph. D. thesis in psychol­ ogy on the college of Birmingham, England, on middle expense reactions to mental problem. After endured collaboration for the following numerous years along with his former Ph. D. mentor, Douglas Carroll, Turner joined the Obrist laboratory on the college of North Carolina. Al­ notwithstanding Obrist regrettably died in the course of Turner's tenure within the labora­ tory, collaboration persisted with Kathleen gentle and Andrew Sher­ wooden. The enlightened legacy of the North Carolina laboratory can truly be noticeable during this text.

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Additional info for Cardiovascular Reactivity and Stress: Patterns of Physiological Response

Example text

Psychological or cognitive appraisal therefore plays a considerable role in Lazarus and colleagues' theories. , 1965) provided elegant support for this perspective. Subjects in this study viewed a particularly unpleasant film depicting workers being maimed or killed by accidents occurring in a woodshop. The subjects were split into three groups prior to the study; two groups received instructions on how to appraise the contents of the film while viewing it. The JldenialJl group was told that actors were used to stage the accidents, and that no real injuries occurred.

Here, it is called the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal cortex axis. When stimulated by the hypothalamus, the pituitary secretes adrenocorticotrophic hormone, which stimulates the adrenal cortex and controls its secretion of corticosteroids. One category of corticosteroids is the glucocorticoids, which help regulate glucose levels in the blood. , 1989). Cortisol is very important in stress reactions. It has several effects on carbohydrate metabolism, increasing the body's access to energy stores of fats and carbohydrates, thus supporting arousal.

While all aspects of the nervous system are important, this volume will focus in particular upon the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system and its control by the central nervous system during stress. central command operations center; executive decisions, based upon information gathered elsewhere and relayed here, are made by this system. The peripheral nervous system comprises the remainder of the nervous system. , the muscles normally under voluntary control). The autonomic nervous system, on the other hand, can be thought of as being in charge of the basic survival functions of the body that are normally under involuntary control.

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Cardiovascular Reactivity and Stress: Patterns of Physiological Response by J. Rick Turner

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