By Elizabeth J. Reitz, Lee A. Newsom, Sylvia J. Scudder
The goal of Case reviews in Environmental Archaeology is to spotlight reviews addressing major anthropological matters within the Americas from the point of view of environmental archaeology. Environmental archaeology encompasses the appliance of organic and geological concepts to the examine of human/environmental interactions. every one bankruptcy is an unique or revised paintings by means of internationally-recognized geoarchaeologists, human biologists, paleoethnobotanists, and zooarchaeologists. each one examine demonstrates how and why the data got utilizing environmental innovations is critical to anthropologists rather than describing, critiquing, or advocating a style. those ethnographic, geological, and organic case reviews effectively exhibit the appliance of environmental technological know-how towards the answer of questions on the topic of human habit within the past.
This moment variation is predicated at the 1996 publication of an analogous identify. The editors have invited again a couple of individuals from the 1st variation to revise and replace their bankruptcy. in addition they have integrated new experiences to be able to conceal fresh advancements within the box or extra pertinent themes. it is also a separate index directory the medical and vernacular names of crops and animals referenced within the volume.
These case stories current examples from websites in North the United States, the Caribbean, and South the United States. the various key themes addressed during this detailed quantity include:
Systemic relationships among humans and the actual environments and paleoenvironments within which they live
Relationships between landscapes, source use, residential styles, and political alliances
Issues related to human meals, overall healthiness, mobility, sedentism, plant and animal domestication, nutrition, and trade
Subsistence suggestions and source availability
Intra-community social relatives, rural/urban relationships, ethnic id, and the improvement of social complexity
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Extra info for Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology
Another uniquely historical measure of seasonality may be historically-documented holiday foods, such as turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo), in an otherwise non-local environmental assemblage (Davidson 1982; Wilson and Rathje 2001). Rothschild (1989) and Henry (1987a, 1991) have shown that consumer behavior, standardized food production, and market distribution tend to lower faunal diversity in urban settings. Diversity measures cannot be understood without incorporating these social factors. The tendency to assume that all animal remains in archaeological sites represent food also has been addressed and corrected.
1978, An Introduction to Environmental Archaeology, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. Evans, J. , 2003, Environmental Archaeology and the Social Order, Routledge, London. , 2001, Environmental Archaeology: Principles and Methods, Sutton, Stroud, England. 18 ELIZABETH J. REITZ ET AL. , 1994, Protein and Lipid Analysis of Food Residues, in: Tropical Archaeobotany: Applications and New Developments (J. G. ), Routledge, London, pp. 227–250. Ford, R. , 1979, Paleoethnobotany in American Archaeology, in: Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 2 (M.
The commerciallypacked Atlantic cod analyzed from the Bertrand shipwreck similarly show evidence of commercial intensification even before the mid-19th century (Klippel and Falk 2002). Macrobotanical and pollen analyses in colonial contexts, although not yet widely employed, have considerable potential for elucidating the consequences and timing of land clearing through identification of emergence of secondary growth patterns in some regions (Kelso et al. 1993, 1995; Newsom 1993; Ruhl 2003a) and the identification of managed landscapes such as gardens and pathways (Miller 1989; Miller et al.
Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology by Elizabeth J. Reitz, Lee A. Newsom, Sylvia J. Scudder