Causation in International Relations: Reclaiming Causal - download pdf or read online

By Milja Kurki

ISBN-10: 0521882974

ISBN-13: 9780521882972

Global political techniques, equivalent to wars and globalisation, are engendered through advanced units of factors and stipulations. even if the belief of causation is prime to the sector of diplomacy, what the idea that of reason capacity or includes has remained an unresolved and contested topic. In contemporary a long time ferocious debates have surrounded the assumption of causal research, a few students even wondering the legitimacy of utilizing the suggestion of reason within the learn of diplomacy. This ebook means that underlying the debates on causation within the box of diplomacy is a suite of frustrating assumptions (deterministic, mechanistic and empiricist) and that we should always reclaim causal research from the dominant discourse of causation. Milja Kurki argues that reinterpreting the that means, goals and techniques of social medical causal research opens up multi-causal and methodologically pluralist avenues for destiny diplomacy scholarship.

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Despite Kant’s and Mill’s acceptance of basic Humean premises, Humeanism did not flourish fully until the twentieth century. During the twentieth century the Humean assumptions became deeply embedded within the dominant currents in the philosophy of science. I will now turn to discuss the most influential twentieth-century philosophies of science and examine how they have been informed by the Humean assumptions. I will first discuss the anti-causal Humeanism that characterised phenomenalism, conventionalism and logical positivism, and, then, the more moderate form of Humeanism that informed the most widely accepted form of twentieth-century Humeanism, DN-model positivism.

74 Like Hume’s, Kant’s conception of causation works on the basis of experienced regular successions: it is still a relation known through 71 73 72 Kant quoted in Ewing (1924: 1). Kant (1993: 48–75). 74 Kant (1993: 177–80). Kant (1993: 146). 75 Kant’s treatment of causality should be noted for another reason besides its embeddedness in the core Humean assumptions as defined here. It is important to note that Kant initiated an important division in modern thought by divorcing causality in the phenomenal world from the sphere of ideas.

Crucially, he also introduces the so-called Method of Difference which aims to demonstrate, through a counterfactual argument, that effect E would not have taken place were it not for cause C (that is, E is absent when C is absent). Although Mill makes room for talking about what seem to be ‘singular’ causal antecedents (causal statements that do not explicitly invoke regularities), it should be noted that causal antecedents are seen to be underlined by regularities in nature. To say ‘if C, then E’ or ‘if no C, no E’ entails, for Mill, the acceptance of a regularity connection that links ‘C to E’.

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Causation in International Relations: Reclaiming Causal Analysis by Milja Kurki

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