By J.D. van Mansvelt
This paintings is an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, widely-calibrated list for european sustainable panorama administration, that's meant to serve either as an analytical software of reference in addition to a layout software for neighborhood, nearby and eu coverage making on sustainable developments.
The software has been built out of a multidisciplinary learn in ecu nations which used to be designed to determine what often is the total standards for a sustainable administration of the panorama of rural components. may well those conditions be introduced jointly in a complete approach with enough consistency to conform with the idea that the panorama is an entity, which may be controlled therefore? Cooperation of the medical specialists with these all in favour of the sensible facet, and alternating plenary reporting with subgroup visits to farms within the rural landscapes of the individuals' nations, allowed for the improvement of a few actually interdisciplinary teamwork. natural agriculture has been incorporated to determine how natural agriculture contributes to the agricultural panorama
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Extra info for Checklist for Sustainable Landscape Management. Final report of the EU concerted action AIR3-CT93-1210: The Landscape and Nature Production Capacity of Organic/Sustainable Types of Agriculture
Manure with a high C/N ratio usually composes of non-easily decomposable compounds of old plant origin, such as cellulose, lignin, or waxes from straw, sawdust, chopped branches, present in plant-waste composts. Manure with a low C/N ratio contains a high portion of easily decomposable compounds of young plant origin and of animal excrement origin, such as manure, urine, sugars, hemicellulose, proteins, present in animal types of manure and urine. In general, manure with a high C/N ratio has a high and direct soil-feeding effect and a lower indirect plant-feeding effect, whereas manure with a low C/N ratio has a high and direct plantfeeding effect and no or little soil-feeding effect.
The same holds for birds or orchids in grasslands, old and local varieties in plant or animal production and so on. This whole problem is well known, for example in environmental sciences and landscape ecology. However, it is a problem that must be over and again kept in consciousness to prevent disciplinary self-understanding to overrule the wider, more general 34 Complementarity of interdisciplinary holism and disciplinary reductionism interests. However, in this same sequence, the self-understood meaning of the "pars pro toto" being of an inevitably soft or paradigmatic character, increases with the increasing hardness of data.
The average soil erosion rate varies from 30-40 t/ha/y in Asia to 17 t/ha/y in the USA and Europe (Barrow, 1991). However, these rates greatly exceed the average rate of soil formation, which is the rate of conversion of parent material into soils. 0 t/ha (Pimentel, 1993), and about 1 t/ha/year in temperate climates (Troeh and Thompson, 1993). 5 cm of topsoil under cropland conditions. From these figures. , 1995; Kabourakis, 1996). Pimentel et al. (1995) calculated the economic costs of soil erosion at 8 $ t/ha/year.
Checklist for Sustainable Landscape Management. Final report of the EU concerted action AIR3-CT93-1210: The Landscape and Nature Production Capacity of Organic/Sustainable Types of Agriculture by J.D. van Mansvelt