By John P. Heinz
What determines the systematic allocation of prestige, energy, and financial gift between lawyers? what sort of social constitution organizes legal professionals’ roles within the bar and within the greater community?
As Heinz and Laumann convincingly display, the felony career is stratified essentially by means of the nature of the consumers served, now not through the kind of criminal carrier rendered. actually, the excellence among company and person consumers divides the bar into remarkably separate hemispheres. utilizing info from wide own interviews with approximately 800 Chicago attorneys, the authors express that attorneys who serve one form of patron seldom serve the other. additionally, legal professionals’ political, ethno-religious, and social ties are in all probability to correspond to these in their shopper types. larger deference is continually proven to company attorneys, who appear to collect energy by way of organization with their strong clients.
Heinz and Laumann additionally become aware of that those “hemispheres” of the felony career are usually not successfully built-in through intraprofessional corporations reminiscent of the bar, courts, or legislation schools. the truth that the bar is dependent basically alongside extraprofessional traces increases fascinating questions about the legislations and the character of professionalism, questions addressed in a provocative and far-ranging ultimate chapter.
This quantity, released together with the yankee Bar origin, deals a uniquely subtle and finished research of legal professionals’ specialist lives. will probably be of remarkable value to sociologists and others drawn to the felony occupation, within the basic learn of professions, and in social stratification and the distribution of strength.
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Additional info for Chicago Lawyers: The Social Structure of the Bar
536-47; Joseph Ben-David, "Professions in the Class System of Present Day Societies: A Trend Report and Bibliography," Current Sociology 12 (1963-64): 247330; William J. Goode, supra note 9, pp. 194-200. 42. Talcott Parsons, "Introduction to Part I," Action Theory and the Human Condition (New York: Free Press. 1978), p. 13. " The professions thus were seen as rising to prominence naturally or almost inevitably because they were functional to the needs of complex, urbanized, modern societies. -vis their clients in work decisions (this autonomy is said to occur because the knowledge professionals possess is not shared by the clients); professionals are generally accorded elevated social standing or prestige, and tend to be compensated accordingly; the professions manifest devotion to public service rather than to narrow self-interest; and, associated with this emphasis on duty, the professions inculcate in their members special standards of ethical conduct, which are far more specific and exacting than are the common norms of the society.
That is, given the differentiation and inequality within the bar, does the legal profession constitute a true community of common fate or collective goals, or does it consist merely of a disaggregated array of individuals and activities? Does the bar possess mechanisms for achieving social integration of the profession or for sustaining an overarching consciousness of kind among lawyers in spite of their differentiation and inequalities, or do the different types of lawyers live separate lives, seldom coming into contact and adopting conflicting stances on matters of public policy affecting the profession, on basic social values, or on issues of professional ethics?
49. , "The Impact of Social Backgrounds of Lawyers on Law Practice and the Law," 16 Journal of Legal Education 127 (1963); idem. "The Social Profile of a Metropolitan Bar: A Statistical Survey in Detroit," 1964 Michigan State Bar Journal 12 (February). 24 THE SCOPE AND NATURE OF THE STUDY two or three decades has focused either on a specific problem or policy area or on lawyers in a limited type of practice. Among the former, noteworthy examples include Carlin's subsequent research on the ethical conduct of New York private practitioners/o Douglas Rosenthal's work on the relationship between lawyer and client/l Stewart Macaulay's study of lawyers' handling of consumer law matters in Wisconsin/ 2 Richard A.
Chicago Lawyers: The Social Structure of the Bar by John P. Heinz