China's Drug Practices and Policies: Regulating Controlled by Bin Liang, Hong Lu, Terance D. Miethe PDF

By Bin Liang, Hong Lu, Terance D. Miethe

ISBN-10: 0754676943

ISBN-13: 9780754676942

Within the context of world efforts to manage the construction, distribution, and use of narcotic medicines, China's remedy of the matter offers a big technique of realizing the social, political, and financial limits of nationwide and foreign rules to manage drug practices. within the 19th and early 20th centuries, China used to be identified for its nationwide dependancy to opium, yet its drug-eradication campaigns from the Nineteen Fifties to the Nineteen Seventies accomplished exceptional good fortune that eventually reworked China right into a 'drug-free' society. because the monetary reforms and open-door coverage of the overdue 20th century, despite the fact that, China is now dealing with a re-emergence of the creation, use, and trafficking of narcotic medications. making use of case reports and a comparative ancient procedure, and drawing on numerous information assets together with historic files, legit crime info just recently made on hand, and information stories, this booklet is the 1st English-language ebook to supply this sort of complete documentation and research of the character of China's criminal law of managed components. The authors additionally supply theoretical methods for learning drug legislation, points of drug intake cultures, the socio-political remedy of substances in the course of numerous ancient sessions, and ongoing efforts to legislate drug exchange, criminalize drug use, and deal with the drug addict inhabitants inside of nationwide and foreign contexts.

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Social Conditions and Opium in Imperial China (Pre-1911) • • 19 special commissioners in charge of salt, grain transport, customs, rivers, waterways, and postroads) appointed by the emperor; the intermediary offices of the circuit intendants and prefects; and the district under the governance of the magistrate (for a detailed treatment of the functions of each of these central government offices see Hsu 2000, 55–57). T he district magistrate was responsible for collecting taxes, settling disputes, and maintaining public order in the local community.

22 A ll of these developments threatened the monopoly of the E ast India Company, and precipitated the clash between the British and the Chinese governments. Within this context of changing trade conditions, opium importation continued to grow. In fact, even though opium use, cultivation, and trade were illegal in 20 T o illustrate China’s advantage in trade with the British in the eighteenth century, at times the cargo of the E ast India Company’s ships from L ondon to Canton consisted of 90% bullion to pay for the Chinese goods, and only 10% of goods to be bought by the Chinese (Hsu 2000, 150).

Domestic cultivation of opium was rare in the T ang and S ong dynasties when opium was initially brought into China. E ven in the early Qing dynasty, when opium smoking became a concern in the Qing court, the royal edicts only banned 32 T wo reasons may account for the popularity of opium in the E ast. O ne was religion. While Islam frowned upon alcohol, it tolerated opium. T he other was opium’s medicinal utility. Because of poverty, population density and a hot and humid climate, people in E ast and S outh E ast A sia suffered disproportionately more incidents of diarrhea and malarial fevers, particularly in India and southern region of China where these climatic conditions were more extreme (Courtwright, 2001, 32–34).

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China's Drug Practices and Policies: Regulating Controlled Substances in a Global Context by Bin Liang, Hong Lu, Terance D. Miethe

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