By Yip Po-Ching, Don Rimmington
Chinese: A finished Grammar is an entire reference consultant to chinese language grammar.
It provides a clean and available description of the language, targeting the genuine styles of use in sleek chinese language. The Grammar is a necessary reference resource for the learner and person of chinese language, without reference to point. it really is perfect to be used in faculties, schools, universities and grownup sessions of all kinds and should stay the normal reference paintings for years to come.
The quantity is geared up to advertise an intensive knowing of chinese language grammar. It deals a stimulating research of the complexities of the language, and gives complete and transparent causes. all through, the emphasis is on chinese language as utilized by present-day local speakers.
An broad index and numbered paragraphs supply readers with quick access to the data they require.
* thorough and accomplished assurance of the trendy language
* use of script and romanisation throughout
* targeted therapy of universal grammatical buildings and elements of speech
* wide and wide-ranging use of examples
* specific awareness to components of bewilderment and trouble
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Extra info for Chinese: A Comprehensive Grammar (Comprehensive Grammars)
3 one and half melons two and a half days three and a half months MULTIPLES Multiples (ia^L beishil) are expressed by In bei '(one) time as much' linked with the cardinal number that precedes it: ~in¥Mfcf =-ia ~^iia yi bei ban Hang bei san bei yi bai bei one and a half times as much twice as much three times as much a hundred times as much Further examples are: liu shi san de Hang bei. (lit. six is three's two times) Six is twice as much as three. g. /l^^ft? ' (with the speaker presuming a number below ten).
Enumeration requires that the numbers be used one after another in a linear succession: 2783697 (0113) 2333463 ^^AHAJlt ^ H—HHHHTNH er ql ba san liu jiii ql ling yao yao san er san san san si liu san6 It is also used to refer to particular years: 2001 ^353f—^ er ling ling yl nian (lit. 1 FRACTIONS, PERCENTAGES AND DECIMALS FRACTIONS Fractions (''jfWi fenshii) in Chinese are linguistically expressed in the standard way as a numerator (ft^ fenzi) which is a proportion of a denominator ( # # fenmu).
Six eights are forty-eight. Nine nines; are eighty one. , or to such universal notions as parts, groups or packages: —ffiWIM —J+ MIS, yi bang mogu (mw: fit bang pound in weight) yi pian mianbao (mw: )t pian piece; slice) a pound of mushrooms a slice of bread However, Chinese is unique in that all nouns, when occurring with a number or demonstrative,17 generally incorporate a measure, whether or not there is any notion of 'measuring': —^^ ~5K#T" yi ben shu (mw: ^ ben copy) yi zhang zhuozi (mw: 3K zhang spread) a book a table In what follows, we will therefore distinguish between standard measure words and classifying measure words (or classifiers).
Chinese: A Comprehensive Grammar (Comprehensive Grammars) by Yip Po-Ching, Don Rimmington