By Wolfgang H. Berger (auth.), Professor Dr. Gerold Wefer, Professor Dr. Wolfgang H. Berger, Professor Dr. Karl-Ernst Behre, Professor Dr. Eystein Jansen (eds.)
The international atmosphere is altering quickly less than the influence of human actions, and a major part of this alteration is said to worldwide c1imate amendment. Can the examine of c1imate and background assist in devising recommendations for dealing with this modification? What could be the kind of info most dear during this context? What are the pitfalls anticipating the unwary? those are the categories of questions that led us to collect specialists from the typical and social sci ences with a powerful curiosity in background, to advertise dialogue among employees in several disciplines by way of focussing on a typical subject of serious curiosity to society. The assembly used to be prepared within the framework of a "Hanse convention" in the interdisciplinary application of the Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg, a starting place manage to advertise interdisciplinary experiences in collaboration among the schools ofBremen and Oldenburg. the purpose ofthe Hanse meetings in most cases is to supply possibilities for specialists from various fields of the sciences and arts to come back jointly and discover the bigger framework oftopics of universal curiosity. What unites the partici pants is their wish to glance over the fence to neighboring disciplines. younger colleagues who desire to construct an interdisciplinary profession are relatively welcome. within the Hanse convention on weather and historical past, we now have endeavoured to construct bridges among the c1imate sciences and the sociological sciences concemed with environmental affects on human actions. The geological sciences, we feIt, are particularly compatible to the aim simply because they al prepared include ancient aspects.
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Additional info for Climate Development and History of the North Atlantic Realm
Therefore only limited studies are available on coupled climate modes in the oceanatmosphere system. e. the coupling between the oceanic EI Nifio phenomenon and the Southern Oscillation (SO) ofthe tropical Pacific atmosphere. Its intense investigation over the past two decades has revealed the physics ofthis large scale ocean-atmosphere interaction and has lead for the first time to a prediction of upwelling intensity off the Peruvian coast and of anomalous precipitation pattern in areas bordering the Eastem Pacific several months in advance.
The heat transport has a phase lag of about one year. The few realisations show a correlation from the decadal to the event-time scale (see example number 5) and result in changes of up to 60% of the meridional heat transport. This is in contrast to present modelling, which can only yield changes lower by one order of magnitude for maximum possible parameter variation. The third example was published by Dickson et al. (1996) on the NAO-control of the North Atlantic convective activity: The convective renewal of intermediate and deep waters in the Labrador Sea and GreenlandlIceland Sea both contribute to the production and export ofNorth Atlantic Deep water thus driving the global MOC.
Together the two circulation modes explain 44% ofthe observed interannual variance in hemispheric extratropical temperatures, with the NAO accounting for 31 % and the SO for 16%. Moreover, when the linear effects of the NAO and the SO are removed, the residual time series is found to exhibit no significant trend. From this it can be concluded, that the mechanisms of hemispheric warming - whatever its cause - is acting through an amplification ofthe NAO in the Atlantic sector, and of the SO signal in the Pacific.
Climate Development and History of the North Atlantic Realm by Wolfgang H. Berger (auth.), Professor Dr. Gerold Wefer, Professor Dr. Wolfgang H. Berger, Professor Dr. Karl-Ernst Behre, Professor Dr. Eystein Jansen (eds.)