By Professor Anna K. Jarstad, Professor Timothy D. Sisk
Makes an attempt to introduce democracy within the wake of civil conflict face a serious challenge: how can war-torn societies circulate in the direction of peace and democracy whilst aggressive politics and hard-fought elections exacerbate social and political clash? via a research of six issues (peacekeeping, administration of violence, energy sharing, political occasion transformation, elections, civil society and foreign reactions to democratization crises) this quantity considers the dilemmas that come up in pursuing peace after civil battle via methods of democratization. The participants' learn highlights the complicated dating among democratization, that's aggressive, and peacebuilding or efforts to accomplish reconciliation. The ebook bargains insights into better motion in peacebuilding in gentle of the momentary unwanted effects that democratization can introduce. it's a thought-provoking paintings that seeks either to develop concept and to supply policy-relevant findings to facilitate better and sturdy transitions from struggle to democracy.
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Additional info for From war to democracy : dilemmas of peacebuilding
Jarstad democratization, such as the transformation of rebel groups into political parties (Lyons 2005; Spear 2002). Democratization in war-torn societies also includes support for constitutional and legal reforms, the establishment of election administration, training of election staff and media professionals, political party assistance, international election and human rights monitoring and civil society aid. Experiences from countries such as Cambodia, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Guatemala demonstrate that peacebuilding does not always move societies toward democracy.
Sisk the deployment of a peace operation – some of their problems of uncertainty and strategy can be mitigated by the security presence and skillful mediation diplomacy of outside actors, augmented as it normally is through humanitarian relief and pledges of long-term development aid. While engagement with external, international actors by civil war protagonists raises a number of problems and obstacles – the primary one is certainly security. Are the external guarantees for ensuring compliance sufficient to allay protagonists’ fears while choosing a peace-through-democratization formula?
Whereas conflicts are most often managed peacefully in consolidated democracies, this feature can have severe effects in a typical post-war society where weapons abound and people remain polarized. Secondly, the process of democratization entails particular features which increase the risk of violence (Gleditsch and Hegre 1997; Mansfield and Snyder 1995a and b). The movement toward democracy entails changes and shifts of power. This increases the risk of use of violence by those who lose or fear losing power and by those that feel 30 Anna K.
From war to democracy : dilemmas of peacebuilding by Professor Anna K. Jarstad, Professor Timothy D. Sisk