By Hsiao-ting Lin
The goal of this ebook is to check the ideas and practices of the Han chinese language Nationalists vis-à-vis post-Qing China’s ethnic minorities, in addition to to discover the function they performed within the formation of latest China’s vital Asian frontier territoriality and border safeguard.
The chinese language Revolution of 1911, initiated through solar Yat-sen, liberated the Han chinese language from the rule of thumb of the Manchus and ended the Qing dynastic order that had existed for hundreds of years. With the cave in of the Qing dynasty, the Mongols and the Tibetans, who have been ruled by way of the Manchus, took good thing about the revolution and declared their independence. less than the management of Yuan Shikai, the recent chinese language Republican govt in Peking in flip proclaimed the same "five-nationality Republic" proposed by means of the Revolutionaries as a version with which to maintain the deteriorating Qing territorial order. The transferring politics of the multi-ethnic country in the course of the regime transition and the function these politics performed in defining the id of the trendy chinese language country have been matters that will hang-out the hot chinese language Republic from its inception to its downfall.
Modern China's Ethnic Frontiers could be of curiosity to scholars and students of chinese language background, Asian heritage and glossy history.
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Additional resources for Modern China's Ethnic Frontiers: A Journey to the West
By absorbing the warlords and their troops, the Nationalists under Chiang Kai-shek might well be able to claim that the reach of their political legitimacy had now extended to China’s far northwest. On the other hand, however, the Nanking- based Nationalists now faced the unprecedented task of demonstrating that their military and political authority indeed reached the north and northwest. The making of a physical presence in the northern peripheries was by no means an easy task. One KMT party document from September 1926 reveals that, shortly after Feng Yuxiang declared his support for the Nationalists and their Northern Expedition, top KMT leaders expressed their pessimism about whether Nationalist influence could maintain an effective presence within Feng’s territorial domain.
In January 1912, Sun Yat-sen was elected “provisional president” of the Chinese Republic. 1 As Yuan became the new political leader of Republican China, it was his Peking-based government – not Sun Yat-sen and his fellow Revolutionaries – that was burdened with the challenging task of integrating the formerly Manchu outlying dependencies into the new Chinese nation-state. The Revolutionaries’ relative lack of political power in the early Chinese Republic by no means suggests that they were uninterested in the young Republic’s precarious frontier scenario.
Yet behind the political rhetoric of this manifesto lay a more grandiose and pragmatic frontier strategy for the southern Nationalists vis-à-vis the northern warlords, namely, to use the Soviet position in the north to achieve their revolutionary goal. 46 In September 1923, Sun dispatched Chiang Kai-shek, now his chief of staff in the Canton regime, to Moscow for further discussions. In Moscow, Chiang Downloaded by [INFLIBNET Centre - NLIST Programme] at 00:29 15 August 2012 12 Early years and early strategies prepared a detailed military proposal for the review of Soviet military leaders.
Modern China's Ethnic Frontiers: A Journey to the West by Hsiao-ting Lin