Download e-book for iPad: Politics in China: An Introduction (2nd Edition) by William A. Joseph

By William A. Joseph

ISBN-10: 0199384827

ISBN-13: 9780199384822

On October 1, 2009, the People's Republic of China (PRC) celebrated the sixtieth anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous six a long time it were. in the course of that point, below the management of the chinese language Communist occasion (CCP), China was once remodeled from one of many world's poorest international locations into the world's quickest becoming significant financial system, and from a vulnerable nation slightly capable of govern or guard its personal territory to a emerging energy that's not easy the us for worldwide influence.

Over those self same years, the PRC additionally skilled the main lethal famine in human heritage, triggered principally by way of the activities and inactions of its political leaders. now not lengthy after, there has been a cave in of presidency authority that driven the rustic to the threshold of (and in a few locations truly into) civil conflict and anarchy.

Today, China is, for the main half, peaceable, prospering, and proud. this can be the China that was once on show for the area to work out in the course of the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The CCP keeps an organization grip on strength via a mixture of renowned aid principally in keeping with its fresh list of selling swift fiscal development and cruel repression of political competition. but, the social gathering and nation face severe demanding situations on many fronts, together with a slowing financial system, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, severe inequalities, and a emerging tide of social protest.

Politics in China is an authoritative advent to how the world's so much populous state and swiftly emerging worldwide strength is ruled this day. Written via best China students, the book's chapters bargains available overviews of significant classes in China's smooth political historical past from the mid-nineteenth century to the current, key subject matters in modern chinese language politics, and advancements in 4 vital components situated on China's geographic outer edge: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.

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Extra info for Politics in China: An Introduction (2nd Edition)

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These have been, and remain, big questions in the study of Chinese politics. 44 The concept of civil society is very relevant here. The term is generally taken to mean the formation and operation of private organizations and associations composed of civilians who join together to pursue a common purpose other than the direct pursuit of political power and which operate independently of government authority. 45 Many political scientists see the vigor of civil society as an important indicator of the health of a democracy.

When PPP figures are not available, GDP is given (and noted) as based on exchange rates. 8 Note: Figures are for 2012–2013 or most recent year available. Sources: CIA World Factbook; World Bank World Development Indicators. 16 P o l i t i cs in Ch i n a and less modern than the United States, Japan, and countries of the European Union. 1 provides an idea of China’s level of development in comparison to some of the world’s other very large countries. China faces many of the same challenges that other developing countries do: raising the living standards and bringing health care, education, and other social services to its citizens, more than two hundred million of whom still live in absolute or relative poverty; overcoming the glaring inequalities between the more prosperous and the poorer regions of the country, particularly between the urban and rural areas and the coastal and inland regions; balancing economic growth and environmental concerns—to name just a few of the dilemmas of development.

The most common way of Romanizing Chinese is the pinyin (literally, “spell sounds”) system used in the PRC and by the United Nations. But because linguists have differed about how best to approximate distinctive Chinese sounds using Roman letters, there are still several alternative methods of Romanizing Chinese. This book and most other English-language publications use the pinyin Romanization for Chinese names, places, and phrases, with a few exceptions for important historical names where an alternative Romanization is commonly given.

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Politics in China: An Introduction (2nd Edition) by William A. Joseph

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