Read e-book online Prophets Unarmed: Chinese Trotskyists in Revolution, War, PDF

By Gregor Benton

ISBN-10: 9004282270

ISBN-13: 9789004282278

Prophets Unarmed is an authoritative sourcebook at the chinese language Communist Party's major early competition, the chinese language Trotskyists, who emerged from the chinese language Communist celebration, in China and Moscow, in response to its 1927 defeat. even with being Trotskyism’s major part outdoor Russia, they have been beaten through Stalin in Moscow and by way of Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong in China, hence changing into China’s so much persecuted get together. Their process within the Japan warfare, after they did not take in hands, was once short-sighted and doctrinaire, and so they had scant effect at the revolution. having said that, their organization with Chen Duxiu and Wang Shiwei, their attachment to democracy, and their critique of Mao’s bureaucratic socialism introduced them a scintilla of popularity after Mao’s loss of life. Their standpoints and suggestions and their organization with the democratic stream should not with out relevance to China's current predicament of morals and authority.

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Extra resources for Prophets Unarmed: Chinese Trotskyists in Revolution, War, Jail, and the Return from Limbo (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 81)

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22 Benton published very little in languages other than Chinese about his Trotskyist activities in China. His memoirs (which appeared in 1983 in French) end in January 1925 and do not deal with the Opposition period. The promise in 1983 of further volumes to cover the years 1925–49 has not yet been realised, and perhaps never will be (although there are apparently copious notes in existence, both by him and of interviews with him). 67 So this sourcebook inevitably focuses more on the tradition of Chinese Trotskyism pioneered by Chen Duxiu and associated with Wang Fanxi and Zheng Chaolin, and less so on the Peng group.

35 In late 1948, the Peng Shuzhi group set up the Revolutionary Communist Party; in April 1949, the Wang Fanxi group set up the Internationalist Workers’ Party. Together, the two parties had a membership of around two hundred. Thereafter, the Chinese Trotskyist movement in Hong Kong and the diaspora stayed split along lines that had their origin in the disputes of 1941. The leadership of Peng Shuzhi’s group left China to escape repression in late 1948, just before Mao’s armies swept into Shanghai.

They failed, partly because the class of industrial workers on which they tried to fasten was too small, too little spread (in just three or four big cities), and too demoralised by defeat and terror to pay much attention to them. When the repression came, unlike the official party, they had no rural sanctuaries to retreat to. Because of their excessive orthodoxy, the Chinese Trotskyists were, as Wang Fanxi conceded, relegated to the role of bystanders in China’s national and social movements in the late 1930s and the 1940s.

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Prophets Unarmed: Chinese Trotskyists in Revolution, War, Jail, and the Return from Limbo (Historical Materialism Book Series, Volume 81) by Gregor Benton


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