By David Jason Karp
Accountability for Human Rights offers an unique theoretical research of which international actors are accountable for human rights, and why. It does this via an overview of the several purposes based on which such duties should be assigned: legalism, universalism, ability and publicness. The e-book marshals a variety of arguments that talk in favour of and opposed to assigning ’responsibility for human rights’ to any country or non-state actor. whilst, it is still grounded in an incisive interpretation of the realm we really reside in at the present time, together with: the connection among sovereignty and human rights, fresh occasions in ’business and human rights’ perform, and key empirical examples of human rights violations by means of businesses. David Karp argues that relevantly public actors have particular human rights accountability. besides the fact that, states will be much less public, and non-state actors may be extra public, than might sound obvious before everything look.
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Additional info for Responsibility for Human Rights: Transnational Corporations in Imperfect States
Unocal, in turn, took the shape that it did because of the Second Circuit’s 1980 decision in Filártiga v. Peña-Irala. The latter case (which did not involve a TNC) was the ﬁrst application of the ATCA to contemporary human rights issues in the United States (Stephens 2002). For more details on the three cases just discussed, as well as many others not discussed, see Business and Human Rights Resource Centre (2009). 22 Practice, policy and international law at particular companies (Amnesty International 2013).
The role of business organizations as specialized organs of society performing specialized functions, required to comply with all applicable laws and to respect human rights. (Ruggie 2011, 6, emphasis added) I explained to the man from Whitehall about the nature of international collaborations and the way in which, these days, media organisations could take advantage of the most permissive legal environments. Bluntly, we did not have to do our reporting from London. Already most of the NSA stories were reported and edited out of New York.
Before the middle of the twentieth century, many multinational companies, particularly those with a north–south operational dimension, would not have existed in more than one sovereign jurisdiction at any one time in exactly the same way as transnational companies do today. Secondly, TNCs have a capacity to affect fundamental human interests that goes beyond the capacity of many other non-state actors. In and of itself, this is not a new phenomenon. Indeed, the ability of large, multinational economic actors to act in a way that had detrimental effects on individual human lives in the name of a proﬁt motive can be traced back at least to the slave trade and also to the colonial period (Strange 1996; Muchlinski 2001, 31, 36; Ratner 2001, 452–460; International Council on Human Rights Policy 2002, 10; Clapham 2006, 4–7).
Responsibility for Human Rights: Transnational Corporations in Imperfect States by David Jason Karp