Download PDF by P. Powell: The Chemistry of the Non-Metals

By P. Powell

ISBN-10: 0412122006

ISBN-13: 9780412122002

ISBN-10: 9401169047

ISBN-13: 9789401169042

This booklet is a brand new try to interrelate the chemistry of the non-metals. within the early chapters, uncomplicated compounds of the non-metals with the halogens, hydrogen, and oxygen are surveyed, allowing a wide sector of chemistry to be mentioned with no the weight of too many evidence. The structural relationships within the elemental sorts of the non-metals are then used as an creation to the catenated compounds, together with the boron hydrides. within the concluding bankruptcy, chosen heteronuclear chain, ring, and cage compounds are con­ sidered. In a few chapters, we've got suggestion it beneficial to stipulate vital positive aspects of a subject when it comes to chemical conception, sooner than giving a extra designated ac count number of the chemistry of person parts. The publication is definitely no longer accomplished and the prejudice within the fabric chosen most likely displays our curiosity in risky, covalent non-metal compounds. feedback for furt her studying are provided in methods. a particular bibliography lists common textbooks which relate to a lot of our subject material. References within the textual content element to study articles and to a couple unique papers which we deliberate to be of detailed curiosity. even though there are few tough innovations within the textual content, the remedy should be favored so much via scholars with a few prior publicity to a gaggle by means of workforce method of non-metal chemistry. we have now assumed an basic wisdom of chemical periodicity, bonding concept, thermodynamics, and spectroscopic tools of constitution determination.

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Get The Chemistry of the Non-Metals PDF

This e-book is a brand new try and interrelate the chemistry of the non-metals. within the early chapters, easy compounds of the non-metals with the halogens, hydrogen, and oxygen are surveyed, allowing a wide quarter of chemistry to be mentioned with no the weight of too many proof. The structural relationships within the elemental types of the non-metals are then used as an advent to the catenated compounds, together with the boron hydrides.

Additional resources for The Chemistry of the Non-Metals

Example text

The first part of the chapter surveys the main features of the structure and properties of the compounds, and the second part considers special properties within each Group. More complex hydrides and halides containing chains or clusters of non-metal atoms are discussed in Chapter 5. 1 The experimentally observed range of compounds The range of hydrides which can be isolated and manipulated at room temperature is quite straightforward. e. 4, 3, 2, and 1 for Group IV, V, VI, and VII elements respectively.

These compounds, unlike the tetrafluoroborates, are immediately hydrolysed by water forming boric acid and the halide ion. e. 2 LIH + B2 H 6 ether. e. 4H _ 2500 + B(OMeh - BH 4 - + 30Me - Treatment of NaBH 4 with conc. H 2 S0 4 and other non-aqueous acids liberates diborane. g. the reduction of GeOlto GeH 4 . g. Buß CH=CH2 + BH 3 0R 2 __ Buß CH2 -CH2 BH 2 BußCH=CHZ I (Bun CH 2 CH2 h B (94% yield) An important result of the acid properties of the boron trihalides is their use as 'catalysts' in organic syntheses.

M. E. and Willis, C. J. (1965), CaTlfZd. J. • 43,1893. [5] Martineau, E. and Milne. J. B. (1971). Chem. , 1327. 19 Simple hydrides and halides 2 Hydrides and halides of general formula AXn are considered in this chapter. The first part of the chapter surveys the main features of the structure and properties of the compounds, and the second part considers special properties within each Group. More complex hydrides and halides containing chains or clusters of non-metal atoms are discussed in Chapter 5.

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