By Angus Konstam
Osprey Raid sequence #17
In 1585, warfare among Spain and Elizabethan England used to be all yet inevitable. for that reason, Queen Elizabeth's spymaster proposed a pre-emptive strike designed to paralyse Spain's financial system via amazing on the Spanish major - the center of her abroad empire. The Elizabethan "Sea Dog" Sir Francis Drake used to be chosen to steer this all-important raid.
During the summer time of 1585 an excursion was once accumulated in Plymouth - a magnificent strength of 21 ships and 1,800 squaddies and sailors. whilst note reached Plymouth that the Queen used to be having moment techniques and can name off the raid, Drake hurriedly placed to sea, sooner than his excursion can be recalled. After first attacking the Canary Islands, he ultimately made landfall within the Caribbean previous to Christmas 1585, and he headed instantly for Santo Domingo, the oldest Spanish urban within the New global, and the capital of the island of Hispaniola.
Drake was once quickly grasp of the town, which he held to ransom earlier than crusing off in the direction of his new vacation spot - the treasure port of Cartagena. Cartagena was once the place emeralds and gold have been amassed for cargo to Spain, and so Drake was hoping for wealthy pickings. regardless of being seriously outnumbered, Drake landed his infantrymen, who stormed the town and received a miraculous victory. Cartagena was once plundered, then held to ransom sooner than Drake set sail back, the holds of his ships jam-packed with Spanish treasure. not able to raid the seriously defended urban of Havana he as an alternative raided the little Spanish colony at the coast of Florida and then he ultimately back domestic. Drake's bold raids had eventually ended in the outbreak of the long-expected struggle and it might be the final motion of its type for a few years as England sought to guard herself opposed to invasion and the Spanish invasion.
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Extra info for The Great Expedition - Sir Francis Drake on the Spanish Main 1585-86
Drake was one of the few men who could fulfil these political objectives while satisfying the expedition's shareholders at the same time. This said, as September drew to a close Drake was eager to sail. His dread would be a last-minute recall, as the Queen had second thoughts about launching this risky strike against the Spanish New World. In the end, Drake would sooner sail before all his preparations were ready than miss the chance to continue his own private war against the Spanish, this time with the resources he needed to inflict a telling blow against his enemies.
All of Spain's key towns in the New World were now at risk, and there was no fleet on hand to protect them. It was little wonder that the Spanish viewed Drake as such a fearsome opponent. King Philip's empire lay at the mercy of a man who had little pity for the Spanish. Santiago Part of the reason Drake lingered so long in Vigo was the weather. A storm was raging, and there was little point putting to sea until it passed, and all the necessary provisions were loaded. Drake still hoped to intercept the rearguard of the Spanish treasure fleet.
He also captured a Spanish pilot, who warned him that the mouth of the Haina was protected by reefs and pounding surf, but he offered to help Carleill put his men ashore safely, no doubt encouraged by the threat of what Drake might do to him if he refused to co-operate. Better still, Drake learned a little more about the city's defences. Apparently the governor was more concerned at the prospect of a slave In this detail of Theodore de Bry's engraving of the English assault on Santo Domingo, Christopher Carleill's soldiers are shown advancing on the town, with blocks of pikemen flanked and preceded by smaller bodies of arquebusiers.
The Great Expedition - Sir Francis Drake on the Spanish Main 1585-86 by Angus Konstam