Roy Behnke's The Socio-Economic Causes and Consequences of PDF

By Roy Behnke

ISBN-10: 1402085435

ISBN-13: 9781402085437

This ebook features a choice of papers provided on the complicated learn Workshop on ‘The Socio-economic explanations and outcomes of desertification in critical Asia’ held in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, in June 2006. The assembly supplied a discussion board for scientists from significant Asia and NATO nations to debate the human dimensions of the desertification approach. Papers awarded to the assembly tested fresh medical proof at the influence of desertification and contributed to the formula of coherent nationwide and nearby regulations for the administration of watersheds, rangelands, and irrigated agriculture. those concerns have been tested from the point of view of environmental coverage formula, with admire to overgrazing via farm animals, and when it comes to a chain of case reports of ordinary source degradation and desertification keep an eye on.

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Additional info for The Socio-Economic Causes and Consequences of Desertification in Central Asia

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The system that developed represented a top-down and highly centralised mode of control, which prevailed in all spheres of local life. Public opinion was largely disregarded and the resulting legacy was popularised as one of widespread environmental degradation2 (Cherp and Mnatsakanian, 2003). Since gaining independence in the early 1990s, the countries of the Central Asia region have experienced varying degrees of socio-economic and political reforms, including shifts towards democratisation, decentralisation, privatisation, improved access to information for ordinary citizens and land reforms (UNCCD website, March 2006).

STRINGER 22 TABLE 1. Central Asian ratification of the UNCCD Date of signature Date of Ratification (R), Accession (AC) or Acceptance (AT) Date of Entry into Force Kazakhstan 14/10/1994 09/07/1997 (R) 07/10/1997 Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan — — 27/03/1995 07/12/1994 19/09/1997 (AC) 16/07/1997 (AC) 18/09/1996 (R) 31/10 1995 (R) 18/12/1997 4/10/1997 26/12/1996 26/12/1996 Country Date of NAP 1997, 2001, 2005 2000 2001 1997 1999 land degradation are considered to have manifest themselves in various different ways throughout the region.

Drainage discharges into the Amu Darya and Syr Darya have resulted in mineralization which reaches more than 2 g/liter of water during selected periods in the middle and downstream sections of these rivers. The discharge of drainage waters into natural lowlands has created 2,300 lakes in the Aral Sea basin covering a total area of 8 thousand km2. 4 million hectares of new land were developed, which is why gross agricultural output increased. However, as the result of the extensive nature of these developments, the salinization of agricultural land, and population growth, agricultural production per capita decreased from 1980 to 1993 by 24%.

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The Socio-Economic Causes and Consequences of Desertification in Central Asia by Roy Behnke

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