By Birgit Sawyer
This is often the 1st old learn of the full physique of past due Viking runic inscription stones in Scandinavia. The 2300 inscriptions yield unforeseen info on a variety of themes, together with the conversion of Scandinavia to Christianity, the expansion of royal strength and, most vital of all, the inheritance customs of the period.
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Additional info for The Viking-age rune-stones : custom and commemoration in early medieval Scandinavia
Sawyer (), (). 28 The historical background given here is based on new research—presented in Sawyer and Sawyer ()—which differs somewhat from the traditional view. 25 26 VAR1 10/18/00 1:23 PM Page 21 -: century; English, Frankish, and Irish sources refer to several Viking leaders as ‘kings of the Danes’, and it is likely that the old royal dynasties had died out shortly before the year . ), established himself in Jutland, and by marrying Thyre, the daughter of a powerful chieftain in Sjælland or Skåne, he sought to extend Danish royal power to the areas east of the Store Bælt (‘Great Belt’), an object that was pursued by his son Harald and at last achieved by his grandson Sven (‘Forkbeard’).
Sawyer (), . VAR2 10/18/00 10:53 AM Page 31 P . U , Hillersjö. Inscription in serpents placed randomly (for full inscription, see pp. –). 18 A new attempt to establish a chronology has been made by the Swedish archaeologist Anne-Sofie Gräslund, who has concentrated on the zoomorphic runic carving of the Mälar region with the heads seen in profile. . While 15 17 Palm (), . Palm (), , . 16 Lagman (); Williams (); Palm ().
Thegn’, ‘dreng’) of the deceased or more information about his or her family. 2 One is in the way the inscription is arranged on the face of the stone; while most of the older inscriptions are arranged in vertical rows, the younger are placed either in a single band running around the edge/outline of the stone or in several bands, sometimes most elegantly shaped, that fill the whole face. The band is commonly in the form of a serpent (‘rune animal’) with head and tail, often drawn round a Christian cross.
The Viking-age rune-stones : custom and commemoration in early medieval Scandinavia by Birgit Sawyer